Tulum Real Estate More Desirable as The Natural Reserve of Sian Ka'an Mexico Gains 319,000 hectares.
Tulum Real Estate More Desirable as The Natural Reserve of Sian Ka’an in Tulum Mexico Gains 319,000 hectares.
Translated with Google Translator from its original source at laprovincia.es
Mexico, Dec 27 (EFE) .- The natural reserve of Sian Ka’an, one of the most beautiful places in the Mexican Caribbean, has 319,000 hectares today, say officials responsible for the ecological heritage of this country.
Sian Ka’an, which means “gate to heaven” in Mayan, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987 and for years has taken on pressure from the hotel industry, the main economic engine of the area.
The extension of Sian Ka’an territory becomes effective as of today, with the publication in the Official Journal of the Federation of the agreement between the National Commission on Protected Areas (CONAMP) and the Secretariat of Agrarian Reform (SRA).
So far, the reserve covered about 650,000 hectares (about 120 kilometers from north to south), so the addition places it in the neighborhood of about one million hectares. The extension of Sian Ka’an territory will make Tulum Real Estate and Sian Ka’an Real Estate even more desirable than in past years.
Sian Ka’an int the Municipality of Tulum is home to 103 mammals species and 336 species of birds, and there are some 23 archaeological sites, some up to 2,300 years old. It is inhabited by a few thousand people and there is some small-scale hotel business currently.
The state of Quintana Roo, which includes the reserve, also contains Cancun and the Riviera Maya, a highly urbanized coast (with more than 150 hotels, many of them large-scale) and is the leading destination for sun and beach in Mexico, and the fastest booming real estate market in Mexico.
The area generates a substantial portion of foreign currency entering the country because most of the visitors are foreigners.
In recent years, federal authorities limited the activities of some hotels located on the fringes of the reserve, protected by presidential decree in 1981 when the Federal Authorities created the National Park of Tulum.
The activity in the hotel industry is likely to cause damage to protected species of Sian Ka’an and the archaeological Maya heritage.
According to the National Institute of Anthropology and History, only about a third of the archaeological inventory of the zone has been studied, which highlights the ancient city of Tulum, located by the sea and the much visited beaches of Tulum, triggering a significant boom in real estate operations.
In recent years, tourism authorities and the protection of natural resources in Mexico have discussed options for further growth with the development of tourism sector in the southern part of Quintana Roo and the border with Belize. Thsi discussion has caused some protests from environmental groups at times.
“Everyone is interested in these areas,” said to EFE, Araceli Dominguez, the chairwoman of the Mayab Ecological Group, which still seeks to test whether the new protected areas correspond to those in dispute in the courts.
Public ownership of some of the land was challenged by individuals claiming to be legitimate owners and sought to sell to local and foreign hotel chains.
The area also houses the largest underground river system in the world, an important reserve of fresh water, so any construction would involve an extra risk for the local environment.
Dominguez reported that federal authorities in this area are studying the possibility of building the new international airport of Rivera Maya near the town of Tulum to encourage tourism development, and she calls this to be a mistake that will “trigger the growth of Tulum” through massive hotels.
“You can develop in Tulum, but it must be done with environmental standards and low densities due to the fragile ecosystem and archaeological resources of the enclave, added Dominguez to EFE.